Brongniart, Alexandre

(1770-1847)
   mineralogist, geologist
   Born in Paris, Alexandre Brongniart was one of the principal founders of stratographic paleontology (Sur les caractères zoologiques de formations, 1821). He defined the secondary Jurassic system and introduced systematically the idea of structure and texture in the description of boulders. Brongniart studied under antoine laurent de lavoisier and later graduated from the École de Medicine in Paris. In 1797, he was appointed professor at the École de Quatres Nations, and in 1822 became professor of mineralogy at the Museum of Natural History. His interest in geology and paleontology led to a long and successful collaboration with georges cuvier (Essai sur la géographie minéralogique des environs de Paris (1811). In 1800, he was appointed director of the sèvres porcelain factory (1800-47), where with his assistants he laid the foundation for the modern knowledge of ceramic chemistry and revived the forgotten art of painting on glass. He also established there a museum of ceramics (1824) and is the author of Traité des arts céramiques (1842). Brongniart was named to the Academy of Sciences in 1815.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BRONGNIART (ALEXANDRE) — BRONGNIART ALEXANDRE (1770 1847) Fils de l’architecte Alexandre Théodore Brongniart, Alexandre Brongniart compte parmi les plus grands scientifiques de la famille. Minéralogiste et géologue, professeur d’histoire naturelle à l’École centrale des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Brongniart, Alexandre — ▪ French geologist born Feb. 5, 1770, Paris, Fr. died Oct. 7, 1847, Paris  French mineralogist, geologist, and naturalist, who first arranged the geologic formations of the Tertiary Period (from 66.4 to 1.6 million years ago) in chronological… …   Universalium

  • BRONGNIART, ALEXANDRE —    a French chemist and zoologist, collaborateur with Cuvier, born at Paris; director of the porcelain works at Sèvres; revived painting on glass; introduced a new classification of reptiles; author of treatises on mineralogy and the ceramic arts …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BRONGNIART (ALEXANDRE THÉODORE) — BRONGNIART ALEXANDRE THÉODORE (1739 1813) Architecte français. Passé à la postérité grâce au palais de la Bourse, Brongniart est une figure particulièrement représentative de son temps, dans la mesure où sa carrière épouse les orientations… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alexandre Brongniart — (* 10. Februar 1770 in Paris; † 7. Oktober 1847 ebenda) war ein französischer Chemiker, Mineraloge, Geologe sowie Zoologe. Leben Alexandre Brongniart war der Sohn des Architekten Alexandre Théodore …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alexandre Brongniart — Nacimiento 10 de febrero de 1770 París …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexandre Brongniart — (1770 ndash; 1847) was a French chemist, mineralogist, and zoologist, who collaborated with Georges Cuvier on a study of the geology of the region around Paris. He was the son of the architect Alexandre Théodore Brongniart and father of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Brongniart — (Alexandre Théodore) (1739 1813) architecte français: à Paris, plans de la Bourse (bâtie de 1808 à 1827) et du cimetière du Père Lachaise …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart — Palais Brongniart, sede de la Bolsa de París. Iglesia d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alexandre Brongniart — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brongniart. Alexandre Brongniart …   Wikipédia en Français

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